From the Website of my namesake, this TEDtalk by Richard Wilkinson does a nice job of showing the impact of social gradients on health and society, regardless of the overall development stage of the society.
He refers to “economic inequality,” a lot of work, though discusses this as “social AND economic differences.” See: Now Reading: “Behavior is not the whole story” – Social and Economic Determinants are where Health Disparity Begins.
This is very relevant to what’s being discovered (and changed, post coming up) in the rights afforded to human beings in the United States.
I think I’m looking and talking about the psychosocial effects of inequality. More to do with feelings of superiority and inferiority, of being valued and devalued, respected and disrespected…..The social-evaluative judgments increase, the fear of those social-evaluative judgments…tasks that included social-evaluative threat — threats to self-esteem or social status in which others can negatively judge your performance. Those kind of stresses have a very particular effect on the physiology of stress.
Also, this is not to suggest that the only solution, especially from the health care system, is income redistribution. Take a look at this recent quote from Michael Marmot.
Oh! And I forgot to thank reader Kathleen Furtado for exposing this to me. Thank you Kathleen!